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Chad, Arabic: Chad Tšād, French: Chad, pronounced [tʃa(d)]), officially the Republic of Chad






Chad (French: Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by six countries: Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. It is the fifth largest country in Africa in terms of area.

Chad is divided into several regions: a desert region in the north, the arid Sahel belt in the center and the more fertile Sudanese savannah in the south. Lake Chad, for which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. The capital, N'Djamena, is the largest city in Chad.

The official languages ​​of Chad are Arabic and French. Chad is home to more than 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Chad's religions are Islam (55%), followed by Christianity (40%).


The population of Chad reached 10,146,000 in 2005, according to the World Population Report, 25.8% of whom live in urban areas and 74.8% in rural areas. Chadian society is characterized by young people, where 47.3% of the total population is under the age of 15 years.
The Chadian lands have been inhabited by humans for a long time, and it seems that the beginnings of settlement in it date back to the early or middle Pleistocene era (500,000-200,000 years ago), and the reconstruction of the area has continued until today, as the Kotoba people are likely to be fishermen in the Lake Chad Basin. Today they are the descendants of the «Saw» owners of the ancient Chadian civilization.


Most of the population lives in the fertile southern part, while most of the northern part of Chad is desert. The political, social and religious differences between the tribes of the north and the tribes of the south have made the state in a state of continuous civil wars since the mid-sixties. Because of civil wars, and the lack of many economic resources, it is one of the most backward countries in the world. The gap in education and economic growth between the peoples of the north and the people of the south has increased the conflict between them. The people of the North believe that they do not have the same opportunities as the residents of the South.

Chadians belong to diverse ethnic groups. Arabic and French are the official languages ​​of the country, yet most of the population of Chad speaks their local languages, and only about one-sixth of adults can read and write. More than three quarters of Chad's population lives in the countryside (78%) and works as farmers or herders. The rest live in N'Djamena and other cities, where most work as farmers. The majority of the population in northern Chad are black Arabs, or members of the African Taupo ethnic group, and most of them work in the livestock trade. They travel in the desert in small teams with their herds of cattle, making tents out of sticks and woven rugs.




Tourism in Chad



Chad is one of the most important countries of the brown continent, which enjoys an amazing nature between the golden-sand desert, savannah forests, and rocky plateaus adjacent to the Tibesti mountain range. Iru in the south, and Lake Onyaga in the north.

It also has a range of attractions and sites worth exploring, such as museums that include a lot of the country's history, ancient mosques, as well as picturesque national parks, and nature reserves of amazing nature. You will have a special experience when you visit this country full of nature's beauty and charm.

The best seasons of tourism in Chad


Drought climatic conditions prevail in Chad accompanied by high temperatures, and the period from November to February is the best time to visit Chad for tourists to enjoy hiking between the city's landmarks and its wonderful heights, and the climate varies between three regions in the country.


In the desert region, which is in the north, the daytime temperatures are high, up to 40 degrees Celsius, with little rain.

As for the coastal region, which is the center in which the climate is divided into four seasons, summer starts from February to May, autumn is from June to September, which is characterized by rain, and winter is from October to January, where temperatures range from summer to autumn between 40 to 20 degrees Celsius.

In the Sudanese region to the south, it is considered a non-tropical region, with rainfall between the months of June to February, and the temperature may reach 39 degrees Celsius from March to May.

How long can I stay in Chad
To obtain a Chad visa, you must first ensure that your passport is valid for use for at least six months. Any foreign person who wants to enter Chad must hold an entry visa, unless he is one of the countries that can enter without the need to obtain a visa for a period of time. 90 days, and the visa is issued in the normal way, by going to the Chadian embassy or consulate in your country.

Tourism in N'Djamena, Chad
One of the most important tourist destinations in Chad, it is the largest city in the country and its wonderful capital. For economic activity, it has a huge regional market.

The city includes many prominent tourist attractions, which attract tourists, including Charles de Gaulle Street, which is the main street of the capital, which contains restaurants, shops, and N'Djamena includes the Chad National Museum, Chadian National Museum, and the Grand Mosque of N'Djamena, next to the memorial de la Nation, parks and wide green spaces, and multiple archaeological kingdoms such as Kan, Wadi, Bagirmi, Mau Kodo area, and many other distinctive landmarks of the capital.



Tourism in the city of Am Timan, Chad


It is the governorate of Salamat province, located in the southeast of Chad, about 800 km away from the Chadian capital. Classification by UNESCO in 1964 AD.

Next to Zakoma National Park, one of the most important tourist places in the city and the first national park in Chad with an area of ​​3,000 square kilometers, which allows you to follow wildlife in unspoiled nature among a large number of diverse animals, and the most beautiful and pompous views, and there is nearly half of the area of ​​these The park is a hunting area, and you can't miss the many festivities in Am Timan.



Tourism in the city of Arche, Chad


One of the most important tourism cities in Chad, it is the fourth largest city in Chad, and the capital of the Ouedaï region. Inside it are the remains of the ancient capital that contains palaces, mosques, and the tombs of former sultans. It also enjoys a wonderful nature surrounded by savannah forests, and Archie has an airport that serves it.

Archie Oasis, located in the heart of the Great Desert in the northeast of the country, is the most famous oasis in this desert. It is characterized by a unique nature of wetlands in the middle of the desert. It is located in the Ennedi Plateau, hidden behind a valley and steep cliffs of sandstone and extended rocks engraved with drawings from The Holocene era, as well as crocodile swamps, and herds of camels.


1) Chad National Museum:



The Chad National Museum is also known as "N'Djamena National Museum", and it is located in the capital of Chad, N'Djamena, and it is one of the most important cities in Chad, where it attracts many visitors, and it is one of the most prominent tourist places in Chad.

The museum includes many artifacts that illustrate the history of Chad throughout the ages, and displays old household utensils and weapons. You can also see the oldest human skull found on Earth, which has a prominent place in the museum.

2) rue Charles de Gaulle:

Do not miss visiting the most prominent streets of Chad, which is the main street of the capital, N'Djamena, and one of the most important tourist attractions in Chad, and you can walk around it to approach the bustling life of the local people and see them closely.

The street has a wide range of shops, upscale restaurants and elegant Victorian old buildings.

It also has a street full of parks, children's playgrounds, and walking paths, and you can take a stroll by and buy souvenirs before you return or try the local cuisine of the country.

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3) Central Market:

The Central Market is located in the vibrant capital of N'Djamena, which is known as the center of economic activity in Chad, and the Central Market is one of the most prominent places of tourism in Chad.

You can wander inside the central market and enjoy the cheerful colors inside. You can also buy souvenirs and buy handmade carpets and accessories.

If you are visiting the central market or Chad for the first time, please agree with a tour guide or a local resident.

4) Zakoma National Park:

If you are a fan of wildlife and observe it, you should head to Zakoma National Park during your tourism activity in Chad, which is one of the oldest national parks in the country.

Zakoma Park is concerned with the wildlife of animals and their protection from extinction, and the park is teeming with endangered and rare animals, mammals and birds of all kinds.

It also has a gaming area, and camping areas where you can enjoy lunch or dinner in the middle of the African atmosphere and forests.

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5) Archie Oasis:

The Archi Oasis is known as "Qalta Archi" and is one of the most famous oases in the Sahara desert and is located in the Ennedi Plateau, set behind steep cliffs and rocky heights.

The water of the oasis is also formed by the infiltration of groundwater in the lowlands, which results in water gatherings around which the camel tribes gather. There are some inscriptions and drawings on the engraved rocks in the oasis.

These inscriptions indicate the presence of Nile crocodiles in this oasis; It is of the type that once flourished throughout the Sahara, and there is another colony on the shores of the southern Mediterranean.

You can admire the landscapes of Archie Oasis and see paintings dating back to the Holocene era.

6) Lake Chad:

Lake Chad extends over the territory of four African countries, but the largest percentage of it is in Chad, which is why it was named Lake Chad. Lake Chad occupies the sixth place in the list of the largest lakes in the world, and it is one of the most important tourist attractions in Chad.

You can visit the lake and see the trees and plants around it, and it also provides you with the possibility of fishing and boating in the lake in addition to other water activities.

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7) Tibesti Mountains:

If you are a fan of climbing mountains and high altitudes, then it suits you to visit the Tibesti Mountains, which is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Chad.

Climbing the Tibesti Mountains is also a journey of exploration and adventure. There is also an extinct volcano summit, but only the experienced can climb it to avoid injury or harm, and you can enjoy watching the natural rocky peaks and taking souvenir photos.

You can also rely on a tour guide because he knows the mysteries of the area well and knows the aspects of tourism in it, and then takes you there for an interesting and unforgettable trip.

8) Lakes of Onyanga:

The Onyanga Lakes are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and were added in 2012. They are a series of lakes located in the Sahara Desert and are the most important tourist places in Chad.

And Lakes Onyanga consists of 18 different lakes, you get water supplies from groundwater and rain, surrounded by green spaces and beautiful hills, you can visit and camp in them if you turn or take pictures and see the magic of water with green plants and golden sunlight reflected on the lakes.

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